We will tell you about the most beautiful places in Latin America, where you can spend your holidays, not like any other.
1. Saline Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia
In the south-west of Bolivia, on the desert plain of the Altiplano, Uyuni is located – the largest salt marsh in the world, its area is 10,588 km². In the dry season, salt marsh is a flat, snow-white desert shining in the sun. And in the rainy season, when the salt marsh is covered with a thin layer of water, it turns into a huge mirror surface. The horizon disappears, the water reflects the sky and many have the illusion that the earth moves under their feet, like clouds in the sky. The only hotel in the salt marsh, the Palacio de Sal, is entirely built of salt blocks. Even the furniture and decorations are salt. Uyuni is 350 km from La Paz, the unofficial capital of Bolivia, from where buses run to the salt marsh.
2. Machu Picchu, the mysterious Inca city in Peru
This Inca city, lost in the mountains of Peru, was discovered only a hundred years ago. No one knows why the Spaniards did not find it and where all its inhabitants disappeared in the 16th century. Temples and palaces, houses carved into the rock, squares and hundreds of stairs are perfectly preserved. The main attractions of the city are the Gate of the Sun Inti Punku, through which the setting sun illuminates the streets of the city, the Temple of the Three Windows and the Temple of the Sun, the Sacred Square completely carved into the rock, and the observatory. You can get to Machu Picchu by bus from Cusco, the largest city in the south of Peru.
3. National Park Torres del Paine (Torres del Paine) in Patagonia, Chile
This unique biosphere reserve was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1978. Torres del Paine is isolated from the world by a mountain range. At 2,400 km² there are dozens of lakes and lagoons and a huge waterfall Salto Grande, rare birds, animals and lizards live. The park is considered the most beautiful place for trekking in South America. You can get to the park by bus from Puerto Natales (3 hours) or from the city of El Calafate (5 hours).
4. Iguazu Falls (Cataratas del Iguazu), on the border of Brazil and Argentina
Iguazu Falls is a complex of 275 waterfalls on the Iguazu River, in the national park of the same name, listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Waterfalls are often called the most beautiful in the world and included in the list of “New Wonders of the World” in 2011. The height of most of them – 60-70 meters, and the largest, “Devil’s Throats” – 82 meters. Fascinating views of the waterfalls open from above, from observation platforms, and from below, during an excursion on a boat through the tumultuous pit. We also recommend a stroll through the park – rare parrots live in dense tropical forests and huge orchids bloom. Iguazu National Park is located 18 km from the city of Puerto Iguazu, from where a narrow gauge railway goes to the waterfall.
5. Pantanal (Pantanal), a biosphere reserve in Brazil
The Pantanal is a conservation zone stretching over 150 thousand km², with hundreds of species of fish and birds, jaguars, alligators, tapirs, pumas, caimans and huge otters. 400 species of birds and animals are not found anywhere else on the planet. Unique natural conditions have arisen in the Pantanal thanks to hundreds of swamps. Also in the reserve there are cascading waterfalls, lakes, rivers and lagoons. In Pantanal, you can go on day and night safaris on boats, watch caimans and alligators, catch and fry piranhas on a campfire. It is better to come to the reserve from May to October, in the dry season. You can get to the Pantanal by bus from the cities of Cuiabá and Campo Grande, where planes fly from Rio and Sao Paul.